With natural reefs on the decline, they provide a habitat for all kinds of marine life. The environmental benefits of offshore drilling cfact. The pacific coast could have about 22 billion barrels of oil, but that area hasnt seen offshore drilling in decades. Agree the well objectives, schedule, costs, order equipment, place contracts for the rig and services, prepare the site. Here are just a few of the exceptional benefits to offshore oil drilling. January 26, 2011, harri daniel, comments off on benefits of offshore drilling.
The benefits of offshore drilling essay 846 words bartleby. Providing context for the deepwater horizon oil spill on april 20, 2010, the deepwater horizon oil rig erupted into flames, initiating the influx of as much as 660,000 long tons of oil into the gulf of mexico. Offshore drilling rigs drilling offshore drilling rigs many of the worlds potential reserves of hydrocarbons lie beneath the sea, and the hydrocarbon industry has developed techniques suited to conditions found in the offshore, both to find oil and gas and to successfully produce it. If restrictions were lifted in opening up reserves in the gulf of mexico and the atlantic, upwards of 200,000 jobs could be created by 2035 according to a study pdf by quest offshore resources. Oil and natural gas development in the eastern gulf of mexico could. Offshore drilling is an activity that has both economic and environmental impact. It provides more domestic selfsufficiency for natural resources. This blanket wisdom ignores the fact that the largest source of marine hydrocarbon. The simple economics of offshore drilling by andrew j.
Offshore drilling pros and cons hrf hrf health and. This blanket wisdom ignores the fact that the largest source of marine hydrocarbon pollution is offshore natural oil seepage. Unfortunately, circumstances changed in 2008 when president george w. As the debate continues over the potential of allowing offshore drilling in floridas statecontrolled waters, which extend 3 miles into the atlantic ocean and 10 miles into the gulf of mexico, it is important that the public be made aware of not only the. Benefits offshore drilling is the us is accounted for producing about 27% of the oil and 14% of the gas in the entire nation. Offshore drilling provides the nation with some energy selfreliance, the majority of the worlds oil. In addition, offshore drilling creates a variety of job opportunities. In effect, a third generation rig could be configured to drill in 6,000ft water.
Birds, fish and other marine life come near the drills and start living there. Note that these projections assume largescale offshore wind development would occur in 2022 and are based on 2018 dollars. Many people think that offshore drilling only causes environmental problems, but it also has various benefits. Subsequently, bsee published the blowout preventer systems and well control final rule the wcr on april 29, 2016.
More jobs offshore drilling requires many skilled people to operate the equipment. Dec 15, 2015 economic effects of ocs oil and gas development in the south atlantic. Sustainability and offshore oil and gas exploration and. With all of this in mind, lets take a closer look at the pros and cons of offshore drilling. How offshore oil and gas production benefits the economy and. Charlottesville, va a new report reveals how an industrysponsored report, used by drilling proponents to justify support for offshore drilling off the southeast coast, overestimates the potential economic benefits of this risky endeavor. Department of the interior bureau of safety and environmental. Fact sheet on offshore oil drilling for decades, u. Results show that building offshore wind energy farms along the five east coast states could have significant economic benefits throughout the region table 1. Riserless drilling would provide for drilling and workover capability without a large weight and space penalty. The benefits of using seawater in the sws method are obvious. Opinion offshore drilling benefits the new york times. In order to estimate the revenue impacts of offshore drilling, the methodology utilized by the south carolina coordinating council.
However, challenges inherent with sws drilling alone are a consideration when time and money are factored into the equation, especially when. The benefits and process of offshore drilling black elk. It also includes data providing county and state breakdowns of the existing coastal economy that would be jeopardized if drilling moved forward. The economic effects of outer continental shelf oil and gas. The most obvious benefit to offshore drilling is the increase in oil production all over the world. Theres tremendous economic advantages to opening up more of americas territorial waters to oil exploration and drilling, but there are. The offshore oil and natural gas industry within the united states is a significant contributor to employment, the national economy, government revenues, and domestic energy production. Offshore riches and onshore problems essay offshore richesonshore problems on april 20, 2010, a misinterpretation of a pressure test and one miscalculation lead to the loss of eleven men and many creatures and forever harmed the gulf of mexico. The well is created by drilling a hole, isolating with casing and cement and repeating this process until the target depth and location are reached. Black swan eventslow probability catastrophic events, such as the bp deepwater. Lyon professor tom lyon professor andy hoffman there is much talk today about offshore oil drilling as a way to lower gas prices and reduce the strains on american consumers.
Why the offshore drilling recovery is real the motley fool. Offshore drilling increases the overall supply of the oil that hits the general market, oil is the commodity which is based on supply and demand, by committing to offshore drilling, the possibility of adding more oil to reduce the local costs becomes possible. Here are the most important offshore drilling pros and cons to think about. Offshore drilling advantages and disadvantages science online. How offshore oil and gas production benefits the economy and the environment bruce allen abstract. Fact sheet on offshore oil drilling surfrider foundation. A well may be produced temporarily to establish the. Capital spending primarily consists of investments in drilling, equipment used to develop offshore projects and engineering. It will transfer wealth from oil producers like chavez, putin and the saudis to the oil companies that develop these offshore assets. Sustainability and offshore oil and gas exploration and production christian holmes executive director shell center for sustainability rice university. Federal government and various states ban drilling in thousands upon thousands of square miles off the u. Offshore drills are huge structures found in the ocean, which attracts different varieties of aquatic life. This fact sheet is intended to outline potential impacts of offshore oil drilling.
Petroleum supplies become limited and goodsservices are not able to be distributed as easily. Offshore oil production benefits federal, state, and. In addition to the immediate economic benefits, drilling for oil can benefit the environment in the long term, particularly when drilling offshore in coastal areas. Fact sheet on offshore oil drilling surfrider oregon. Parry provide a framework for examining the costs and benefits of alternative policies for managing deepwater drilling activities. A surprising offshore drilling benefit is that it also benefits the environment, especially if no accidents occur during drilling. Riserless drilling applications of an innovative drilling. Capital spending primarily consists of investments in drilling, equipment used to. The sixmonth moratorium on offshore drilling could cost. Challenges to offshore production despite all of these major benefits, nearly 90 percent of the shore remains off limits to those who would seek to complete the offshore drilling.
Published in the december 2009 issue of energy economics, their study the economics of allowing more u. Offshore drilling will eventually end americas dependence on foreign oil and petroleum products. On april 20, 2010, the deepwater horizon oil rig erupted into flames, initiating the. Spending on offshore oil and natural gas projects is normally divided into capital and operational spending. The simple economics of offshore drilling michigan ross. It also helps to keep the cost of oil down and that means lower gas prices for americans. Seawater is readily available at the location and it is quite inexpensive as well. The rig daily rate will vary according to the rig type, water depth, distance from shore and drilling depth. In fact, offshore drilling assists in creating jobs, enhancing the local economy and many other benefits. The economic effects of outer continental shelf oil and. A report by the center for the blue economy reveals how an industrysponsored report, used by drilling proponents to justify support for atlantic offshore drilling, overestimates the economic benefits of this risky endeavor.
Bush lifted the white house moratorium and congress. Potential economic benefits of offshore drilling outweigh the risks. Offshore oil drilling is necessary to continue to support the. There are an estimated 236 million barrels of oil and oil equivalents in floridas statecontrolled waters, according to a study commissioned by the florida legislature and conducted by the collins center for public policy 4. Increased oil production offshore drilling greatly increases the oil production and the amount of oil that we have to use for fuel and energy. President obama supports limited offshore drilling in the coasts of the u. How offshore oil and gas production benefits the economy. It has created quit a bit of controversy, claims have been made that it is a detriment to our environment and life in the ocean. This report quantifies the significant potential benefits to the u. Potential economic benefits from offshore drilling. Why the offshore drilling recovery is real after a few challenging years, activity in this corner of the energy market has finally started bouncing back. How offshore oil and gas production benefits the economy and the. Oil rig platforms act as fantastic artificial reefs.
Offshore drillings environmental impacts, from the gulf. Offshore drilling pros and cons offshore drilling is a method of extracting petroleum from beneath the sea. Sep 26, 2017 offshore oil and gas production can help in strengthening the local economy providing that community with a strong financial trickledown effect. The immediate benefit of offshore drilling cbs news. In fiscal year 2016, o shore oil and natural gas production contributed. Modern and advanced drilling techniques and methods have. Offshore drilling advantages and disadvantages science.
The economic benefits of offshore drilling to south carolina. Understanding the costs and benefits of deepwater oil. This stimulates the economy and keeps our society going. For example, offshore drilling greatly improves economic success, in a few ways. May 04, 2010 published in the december 2009 issue of energy economics, their study the economics of allowing more u. Jan 14, 2017 offshore drilling is an activity that has both economic and environmental impact. The offshore installations and wells design and construction, etc. Exceptional benefits of oil drilling tiger general. For onshore, it will be b e n ef i t s o f o f fs h o re d r i l l i n g to s o u t h c a ro l i n a 6 ased on this analysis, it is evident that the potential from offshore drilling would have a positive economic. Untapped potential the benefits of offshore oil and natural gas. The costs and benefits of offshore oil drilling in british columbia 3 alongside the tremendous economic potential of offshore oil there are inherent risks of damage to human health and the environment. Another environmental benefit of offshore drilling are the artificial reefs that are created. The economic cost of a moratorium on offshore oil and gas. The atlantic coast has been offlimits for drilling since 1981.
The eastern gulf, at least the vast majority of it3 is under a drilling moratorium until 20224. The united states has been able to achieve economic stability thanks to the recovery of the oil and gas markets. Nearly 85 percent of these watersthe atlantic, the pacific, and the eastern gulf of mexicoare offlimits to exploration and drilling. The primary impacts to the general fund would be through income and sales tax collections. At campos basin offshore drilling units in brazil n172 working at dark period increased the risk of occupational injury by 51% compared to light period. This report has been widely cited to make the case for opening the southeast to oil and gas development based on significant local, state, and regional benefits from drilling. Interior secretary ken salazar about a moratorium on offshore drilling in the aftermath of the april 20 blowout at the deepwater horizon oil rig. Petroleum is one of the industries that needs high. The benefits of offshore drilling essay example the oil.
Opening the atlantic, the pacific and offlimits areas in the gulf of mexico for offshore development could create nearly 840,000 new american jobs and grow our economy by. Jan 11, 2011 in their paper, understanding the costs and benefits of deepwater oil drilling regulation, rff researchers alan krupnick, sarah campbell, mark a. The eastern gulf planning area is one such restricted area. Jul 17, 2008 the immediate benefit of offshore drilling. Access to offshore oil and natural gas resources in the eastern gulf of. Benefits of offshore oil drilling 1062 words 5 pages.
Sustainability and offshore oil and gas exploration and production christian holmes executive director. For onshore, it will be offshore oil drilling for decades, u. Both the equipment and personnel must deal with wellconstruction conditions that are greatly challenging. Offshore oil drilling is a big contribution to obtaining oil for the u. But, much like the gasoline tax holiday proposed in the spring. If the weight requirement for drilling in deepwater can be substantially reduced, then smaller semisubmersible drilling rigs can be used.
It is important to note that most oil spills take place during oil transportation and not while. Conventional wisdom holds that offshore oil and gas production harms the surrounding environment. Drilling costs will depend on the depth of the well and the daily rig rate. The welloperator, shall ensure that a well is so designed, modified, commissioned. Feb 11, 2015 petroleum supplies become limited and goodsservices are not able to be distributed as easily. It may surprise you to learn some of the benefits of offshore drilling. Subsea drilling, well operations and completions page 5 of 45 executive summary as drilling extended further offshore into deeper water, offshore drilling rigs became larger and more complex with workers who are more highly skilled. The oceans surrounding th e united states hold tremendous oil and natural gas potential, but much of that potential is not being realized. The surfrider foundation is opposed to offshore oil drilling in new areas. The amount sounds immense, but without sufficient context, the number serves no educational purpose. The economic benefits of increasing us access to offshore oil. Offshore technology conference may 2, 2005 riserless drilling applications of an innovative drilling method and tools greg carter nautilus offshore company, inc. In 2007, offshore wells produced 492,000,000 barrels of oil, however, by 20 it is expected that the gulf of mexico alone will produce 686,000,000 barrels.
The oil industry the benefits of offshore drilling. The benefits of offshore oil drilling are far outweighed by the risks, senator bernie sanders argued at a senate energy and natural resources committee hearing on tuesday. Worldwide, about 96 million barrels of oil and liquid fuels are produced every day. Well one surprising answer may be to open up our coastlines to more offshore oil drilling, according to ben lieberman, a senior policy analyst at the heritage foundation.983 1495 1026 886 422 615 512 703 60 101 1421 383 1231 898 952 1042 1335 1427 926 1315 665 1307 462 156 1169 98 1160 457 1187 1202 1105 80 625 1273