Preparation of ointment bases pdf

Preparation h phenylephrine rectal cream, gel, and ointment. Oleaginous ointment bases composed of oleaginous compounds. In light of the high drug content, this point is particularly important in the formulation of pastes. When melted, it is miscible with fats, mineral oils, and paraf. Jan 31, 2020 do not take preparation h phenylephrine rectal cream, gel, and ointment by mouth. Only anhydrous bases are used in their preparation. Addition of aqueous preparation to a hydrophobic base first the aqueous solution incorporated into a small amount of a hydrophilic base. Sodium lauryl sulfate is used in the preparation of hydrophilic ointment usp. Cetyl esters wax is a stiffening ingredient and emollient in ointment bases. Water soluble ointments and creams do not contain any oily phase. The selection of an ointment base in which drugs are to be incorporated for local application should depend on the condition of the patients skin, the biological effect desired, and the pharmaceutical compatibility of the ingredients with each other and the base.

How to keep the coronavirus out of your houseim a surgeongiving you real tips docs are using duration. Each type of the ointment bases has its unique physical characteristics and here is the summary. For herbal formulations, an ointment is made by emulsifying oil phase in. Mixing speeds and shear can be increased when the ointment base is liquid, to uniformly disperse the functional ingredients. Hydrophilic ointments have the advantage of being less greasy or oily during and after application and they are easily washed off of skin after use. Types of base for ointments and pastes there are four types of base that are used to formulate pharmaceutical ointments and pastes. It temporarily shrinks swollen hemorrhoidal tissue and provides prompt, soothing relief from painful burning, itching and discomfort. Selection and effect of ointment bases for preparing. Hydrophilic ointment bases are miscible with water. Prepare 120 g of each of the following five ointments on a ww basis. Each ointment base type has different physical characteristics and therapeutic uses based upon the nature of its components. Mechanical method of incorporation is particularly advantageous when the substance to be incorporated into ointment base must be in a fine state of subdivision.

Drug product preparation liquid, lotions, ointments and creams. The bases are usually mixtures of liquid and solid polyethylene glycols macrogols. Formulation and evaluation of ointment and cream with their. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant.

Ointment bases are always anhydrous and generally contain one or more. Polyethylene glycol ointment,nf is the only pharmacopeial preparation in this group. Cetyl alcohol is insoluble in water but soluble in alcohol and in vegetable oils. Preparation of ointments by mechanical incorporation. The experimental work was divided into two distinct parts. Production of pharmaceutical creams and ointments us. The combined extract was formulated in different ointment bases such as polyethylene glycol, gelatin, sodium alginate, carbopol, cream base and honey. Among these fats, muttonfat and lard played the most important roles.

Selection and effect of ointment bases for preparing collagenase inhibitor ointment using highperformance liquid chromatography and franz cell apparatus. Ointments are semisolid preparations for application to the skin or mucosae. Opthalmic ointments these are sterile preparations which are applied inside the. Ensuring the even distribution of the active ingredient within the base. The ointment base needs to be heated to above its melting temperature prior to the addition of the other ingredients. At the end of ointment preparation, a small aliquot was placed on to a glass slide with. The ointment formulation consists of active and inactive ingredients added to a base. The aim of present work was to deve lop a semisolid preparation ointment, gel, cream of thi ocolchicoside which is a ce n trally acting skeletal mu scle relaxant for the e ffective treatment. Mar 26, 2017 small amount of an aqueous solution may be incorporated into an oleaginous ointment hydrophilic ointment bases readily accept aqueous solution. Comparative study of ointment bases jama dermatology jama. Exampleswhite petrolatum, plasti base, white ointment, yellow ointment ii absorption bases.

The ingredients, for mulas, methods of preparation, andor descr iptions of some ointment bases are given in t able 23. Descriptions of ointment base ingredients, such as solv ents. Preparation, characterization and optimization of ibuprofen. According to this method, an ointment base was selected and the drug in the increasing concentrations was dissolved in the base. Spreadability of semisolid formulations, that is, the ability of a cream or gel to evenly spread on the skin, plays an important role in the administration of a standard dose of a medicated formulation to the skin and the efficacy of a topical therapy. Aug 02, 2015 pharmaceutics making ointments btec pharmaceutical science nicholas backstrom.

Preparation h ointment relieves both internal and external hemorrhoidal symptoms. The ointment bases are almost always anhydrous and generally contains one or more medicaments in suspension or solution. Preparation of ointments study guide by alaysassy17 includes 51 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. There are a lot of ingredients for the preparation of creams and ointments. Formulation and evaluation of antibacterial creams and gels.

If preparation h phenylephrine rectal cream, gel, and ointment is put in the mouth or swallowed, call a doctor or poison control center right away. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Formulation and evaluation of ointment and cream with. Rectal ointments these are the ointments to be applied to the peri anal or within the anal canal. Ointment it is a greasy semisolid preparation of dissolved or dispersed drug. The ointment formulation was designed by using five different ointment bases. Formulation and evaluation of semisolid preparation ointment. The content of such a container is limited to not more than 5 g of the preparation. Pharm 1 st semester pharmaceutics formulation and evaluation of ointment and cream with their mathematical treatment of absorption through skin. The ointment is applied as a narrow band of approximately 0. Bases of this type offer many of the advantages of the waterremovable bases and, in addition, contain no waterinsoluble. This can be achieved by the use of i mortar and pestle, ii ointment slab and spatula, and iii.

Preparation of ointment bases prepare 120 g of each of the following five ointments on a ww basis. Preparation h ointment relieves both internal and external hemorrhoid symptoms. There are five 5 classes or types of ointment bases which are differentiated on the basis of their physical composition. Ointment base was prepared and formulation of ointment was done by. The base of the ointment must be nonirritant, permit diffusion of the drug and maintain the activity of the drug for a reasonable period under proper storage condition. Cosmetic is a greek word which means to a dorn addition of something decorative to a. There are some basic substances and lots and lots of special stuff. Ointment bases ointment bases are divided into five types and they are oleaginous bases, absorption bases, waterinoil emulsion bases, oilinwater emulsion bases and watermiscible bases. Lowshear or mixing speeds are typically used when the ointment base or finished formulation is coldthick. Pastes definition pastes are homogeneous, semisolid preparations containing high concentrations of insoluble powdered substances usually not less than 20% dispersed in a suitable base. Preparation of ointment bases the pharmaceutics and. Oct 23, 2016 only anhydrous bases are used in their preparation.

Pharmaceutics making ointments btec pharmaceutical science. A hydrophilic emulsifying agent is included in the aqueous phase in order to obtain stable oil in water dispersion. Preparation and properties of bentone ointment bases. Formulation and evaluation of antiseptic polyherbal ointment. Preparation of ointments a wellmade ointment is a uniform throughout i. Make sure that you follow closely the procedures for preparation. These were then evaluated to find a suitable base for preparation of an ointment. Preparation of ointments compounding and manufacturing. Effect of plant extracts formulated in different ointment.

Watersoluble basesthis group of socalled greaseless ointment bases comprises watersoluble constituents. Objectives introduction ointment bases preparation incorporation of drugs ointment bases there are five 5 classes or types of ointment bases which are differentiated on the basis of their physical composition. Ointment bases influence topical drug bioavailability due to their occlusive properties of the stratum corneum, which enhances the flux of drug across the skin and they affect drug dissolution and drug partitioning within or from the ointment to the skin, respectively. Nishizawa s1, yamaoka h, matsui m, hirabayashi s, hoshi k, koshima i, yamaoka k. Production of pharmaceutical creams and ointments view pdf pharmaceutical preparations for treatment of conditions such as rashes, skin irritation, stings, fungal infections, etc. To determine the solubility of the drug in the ointment base, a new technique based on. Ophthalmic ointment is the most common class of semisolid ophthalmic preparation.

Two factors are dermatological factor pharmaceutical factor preparation of. Ointments are single phase, hydrophilic or hydrophobic systems with sufficient consistency to allow the formulator to stably and homogeneously suspend dissolved or dispersed apis. The following two ointment bases formulation 1 and 2 were selected as the final base for the preparation of ointment because these bases were found to be compatible with the extracts at 10% concentration as well as possessing other optimum characteristics such as rate of release of medicament. Introduction herbal drugs are formulated in the form of ointment and are used topically for several purposes, e. Preparation of ointments ointments are prepared by two general methods.

Oil any good quality vegetable oil can be used to make your ointments and creams. After the completion of formulation, quality of the ointment is assessed in terms of. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Incorporation fusion incorporation by the incorporation method, the components are mixed until a uniform preparation is attained.

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